15 Questions english exercises with text and answer

 15 Questions english exercises with text and answer


Text 1

Baby-sling loving uber-mommies got new reason to fear yesterday, after more than 1 million units of a popular child carrier were recalled because of a string of suffocation deaths, according to federal officials.

Consumers who bought the Infantino-brand SlingRider and Wendy Bellissimo models of infant slings were told yesterday to immediately stop using them, since both units can squeeze babies until they stop breathing.

Infantino President Jack Vresics said the company would offer a free replacement baby carrier, activity gym or shopping-cart cover to owners of the slings.

DANGER: The company Infantino has recalled two models of baby slings like this one because of their role in child suffocation deaths.

Baby slings have become the hot new way for fashionable moms to tote their kids around town, with celebrities from Brooke Shields to Rachel Weisz seen using them. But earlier this month the Consumer Product Safety Commission warned parents that slings can be deadly dangerous.

Yesterday, the commission said three deaths have been linked to the recalled carriers.

A Brooklyn mom whose son died on Feb. 20, told The Post yesterday she believes that her child was also a victim of an Infantino carrier.

"They need to make a law so these things aren't made, because these things aren't safe for babies," said Christina Bethea, 24, whose 25-day-old son, Rayshawn, died after she held him in an Infantino SlingRider for about 40 minutes.

She said that she was at the Madd Fun entertainment center in East New York with her three other kids and some family members when she first realized something was wrong.

"I took him out to feed him and he wasn't responding," she said yesterday, welling up in tears. "His hands were blue and his feet were blue.”

The city medical examiner has not determined an official cause of Rayshawn's death. Bethea blames the carrier.

"It was the sling," she said. "It was the only thing, because my baby was born full-term, he was totally healthy, he didn't have breathing problems."

Her attorney, Stephanie Ovadia, said that she will be filing suit soon.

"We are currently investigating circumstances surrounding this horrible tragedy," she said. "I'm glad that there is a recall at last, and hopefully no more mothers will have to undergo this nightmare."

Additional reporting by Sabrina Ford and Murray Weiss

Acess: March 25th 2010.

Available at: http://www.newyorkpost.com/p/news/national/warning_on_killer_baby.

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Answer the questions 1 – 3, according to the Ford and Weiss’ text:

1. About the children suffocation deaths, the Consumer Product Safety Commission ponders that:

A - Baby slings have killed three babies by suffocation, including as Bethea’s 25-day-old son.

B - The carriers in question can suffocate just newborns.

C - The slings could suffocate the babies.

D - These fashion carriers may still smothered the babies.

Now mark:

a) B and C are correct.

b) C and D are correct.

c) A and D are correct.

d) Only D is correct.

e) A and B are correct.


2. Based on Stehanie Ovadia’s speech, it is possible to infer that:

a) She doesn’t want other mothers, like her, try on this nightmare.

b) As the lawyer of the Commission, she expects that, at least, a recall could be done.

c) The recent investigations, by the present circumstances, point the baby sling as the cause of death by suffocation.

d) She states that, finally, one recall of the carriers will be done.

e) She analyzes the connection between the three children’s deaths and the recalls.


3. The recall was done because:

a) there was no official medical report about the deaths.

b) it was a fed determination.

c) the Comission asked it officialy.

d) infantino-brand SlingRider and Wendy Bellissimo could press the babies on a firmly way until they stop taking air into their lungs.

e) the Company Infantino had recalled two other models.


4. Considering the excerpt below, its correct indirect speech structure can be identified in:

Stephanie Ovadia said: “I am glad that there is a recall at last, and hopefully no more mothers will have to undergo this nightmare.”

a) Stephanie Ovadia said she was glad that there was a recall at last, and hopefully no more mothers would have to undergo this nightmare.

b) Stephanie Ovadia said that she was glad that there was a recall at last, and hopefully no more mothers would undergo this nightmare.

c) Stephanie Ovadia said could be glad that there would be a recall at last, and hopefully no more mothers should have to undergo this nightmare

d) Stephanie Ovadia said that she could be glad that there could be a recall at last, and hopefully no more mothers should have to undergo this nightmare.

e) None of them.


Text 2

Diego Maradona has surgery after being bitten by his dog

Argentinian football legend had operation after being bit on lip by pet Shar Pei, but said to be recovering well.

Diego Maradona was hospitalised and operated on today after one of his dogs bit him in the face.

The Argentinian football coach needed surgery on his upper lip after the pet, reportedly a Shar Pei, attacked him in their Buenos Aires home last night.

The 49-year-old former international was taken to the Los Arcos private clinic in the Palermo district where he was said to be making a full recovery.

He was accompanied by his personal physician, Alfredo Cahe, and his daughter Dalma. The TV network Todo Noticias said Maradona was bitten three times but not seriously injured. He was expected to return home later today.

Local media said the coach's four-year-old Shar Pei turned on him while they were playing at home.

A distinctive breed known for deep wrinkles, it comes from the Guangdong province of China and was originally bred as a palace guard dog.

Shar Pei are intelligent, playful, and devoted but need careful training, said dogbreedinfo.com. "The dog's temperament depends on how the owner treats the dog. Dogs who are allowed to believe they are the boss over

humans will develop behaviour issues. Dogs who are not taken for daily pack walks will also begin to display a varying degree of issues."

Maradona, one of football's most gifted players, has battled drug addiction and health problems. He was appointed national team coach in 2008, and guided Argentina to qualification for the World Cup, which starts in June.

Despite patchy performances, the team are considered a tournament favourite. They are in Group B with Nigeria, Greece and South Korea. Maradona led Argentina to their second World Cup victory, a 3-2 victory over West

Germany in 1986, and captained his team to the final of the 1990 tournament.

Acess: March 30th 2010

Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2010/mar/30/diego-maradona-bitten-dog-surgery.

Answer the questions 5-8 according to the text from The Guardian:


5. It can be concluded that Maradona was bitten by his dog because:

a) it was trained for it and Maradona kept it on his home for a long time without some daily pack walks.

b) its training was conduced to develop on it the thinking that it is the chief of a group.

c) the Maradona’s Shar Pei lives caged on his home all the time.

d) the bred of the pet was used as a palace guard in ancient China.

e) none of the questions.


6. About Maradona’s work as a coach, it is right to say that:

a) he had battled against drug addiction and health problems.

b) his coach performance is as dazzling as his player one.

c) the Argentinian football team had variable performances although the qualification for the World Cup 2010.

d) the Argentinian team is considered one of the least favorite in group B.

e) he won two World Cups in 1986 and 1990.


7. The correct information about the Shar Pei dog is that:

a) the deep of its wrinkles can be different according to the pedigree status.

b) it’s a breed known by the deep wrinkles. It comes from China. They’re intelligent, playful, devoted and need some training to become a guard dog and to control its temperament.

c) it’s a breed known by the deep wrinkles. It comes from China. It is a smart, active, gamesome and loyal dog.

d) it’s a breed known by the deep wrinkles. It comes from China. It must be taken for daily pack walks and also it must believe that it is under the human’s control.

e) it’s a breed known by the deep wrinkles. It comes from China and according to the training it begins to display a varying degree of issues.


8. Considering the sentence: “Diego Maradona was hospitalized and operated today after one of his dogs bit him in the face”, it is appropriate to say that:

I. The three verbs are used together to express that the Maradona’s surgery happened while he was being hospitalized.

II. The verb tense of the first sentence indicates that “he was hospitalized” happened in an unspecified time.

III. “Was” suggests that the action is a temporary event with a specified time in a time line.

IV. It is a factual writing that deals with the bite situation.

V. “Operated” and “bit” are used because they express two singular, different and completed events that follow one to another.

The only true items are:

a) I and II.

b) I and III.

c) IV and V.

d) III and IV.

e) II and V.


9. Considering the structures below, the correct sentence is:

a) Maradona usually must go to Dalma’s school to talk with her teachers. So, he goes to the school about once a month.

b) I used to listen to the radio, but I hardly ever watch the TV.

c) Brazilian people are international famous because of their hospitality, samba and carnival.

d) Young people use to be fashionable, creating and re-creating the fashion with their lifestyle.

e) The Botanical Garden-RJ is a famous tourist sightseeing in the Brazil.


15 Questions english exercises with text and answer
Text 3

BIODIESEL DIFINITION

What is biodiesel?

Biodiesel is the name of a clean burning alternative fuel, produced from domestic, renewable resources. Biodiesel contains no petroleum, but it can be blended at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel blend. It can be used in compression-ignition (diesel) engines with little or no modifications. Biodiesel is simple to use, biodegradable, nontoxic, and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics.

How is biodiesel made?

Biodiesel is made through a chemical process called transesterification whereby the glycerin is separated from the fat or vegetable oil. The process leaves behind two products -- methyl esters (the chemical name for biodiesel) and glycerin (a valuable byproduct usually sold to be used in soaps and other products).

Is Biodiesel the same thing as raw vegetable oil?

No! Fuel-grade biodiesel must be produced to strict industry specifications (ASTM D6751) in order to insure proper performance. Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel to have fully completed the health effects testing requirements of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. Biodiesel that meets ASTM D6751 and is legally registered with the Environmental Protection Agency is a legal motor fuel for sale and distribution. Raw vegetable oil cannot meet biodiesel fuel specifications, it is not registered with the EPA, and it is not a legal motor fuel.

For entities seeking to adopt a definition of biodiesel for purposes such as federal or state statute or national divisions of weights and measures, or for any other purpose, the official definition consistent with other federal and state laws and Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) guidelines is as follows:

Biodiesel is defined as mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats which conform to ASTM D6751 specifications for use in diesel engines. Biodiesel refers to the pure fuel before blending with diesel fuel. Biodiesel blends are denoted as, "BXX" with "XX" representing the percentage of biodiesel contained in the blend (ie: B20 is 20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel).

Why should I use biodiesel?

Biodiesel is better for the environment because it is made from renewable resources and has lower emissions compared to petroleum diesel. It is less toxic than table salt and biodegrades as fast as sugar. Since it is made in the USA from renewable resources such as soybeans, its use decreases our dependence on foreign oil and contributes

to our own economy.

Where do I get biodiesel?

Biodiesel is available nationwide. It can be purchased directly from biodiesel producers and marketers, petroleum distributors, or at a handful of public pumps throughout the nation.

Stephen Kanitz

Acess: April 4th 2010

Available at: http://www.biodiesel.org.


10. It can be concluded from the text 8 that:

I. Biodiesel is a clean burning alternative fuel that lows the emission of dangerous gases on the Earth atmosphere.

II. The biodiesel blend, free for any diesel, can be done with any level of another fuel.

III. Biodiesel is made according to ASTM D6751 specifications that is ruled consonant with specific departments from The USA.

IV. Biodiesel deteriorates economy as its usage can place the country in the global economy and discussions about the environment.

The adequate affirmatives are:

a) I and II.

b) II and III.

c) III and IV.

d) IV and II.

e) Only III.


11. About biodiesel, the wrong answer is:

a) It is strictly consonant to the Original Equipment Manufacturer guidelines.

b) It can be used exclusive blend in diesel engine.

c) The OEM guidelines prescribe the percentage of biodiesel fuel stocked in diesel engines.

d) It doesn’t harm health and environment.

e) It is less poisoned than bicarbonate of soda and quickly biodegradable.


12. What can be deduced from the title of the fourth part of the text?

a) The verb can be replaced by “must” without loss of meaning.

b) The usage of the biodiesel is truly presumable because its advantages.

c) It infers a recommendation about the usage of the biodiesel.

d) The title express that it is hardly necessary to use the biodiesel.

e) This question sentence is used to reflect that the biodiesel usage is not possible .


13. The wrong sentence, according to the usage of expressions with prepositions is:

a) When he died the inheritance was just divided in equal parts to his heirs.

b) Brazilian scientists discuss with other members of the international scientific community about the benefits of the usage of biodiesel.

c) There will be something wrong with the engines if somebody use vegetable oil as a fuel.

d) We must divide the responsibility of preserving the environment into equal parts, in order to ensure a better quality of life for future generations.

e) It’s possible to make a list with the advantages of biodiesel over other fuels: lower emission of gases, hardly toxic, biodegradable are some of them.


14. The usage of the reflexives is correct in:

a) Maradona itself must try to discipline his dog in order to avoid future bites.

b) The biodiesel seems itself better to the environment because it is a clean burning alternative fuel.

c) The Maradona’s fans could finally relax themselves when they discovered that he was recovering well.

d) Instructions to the applicants: If you feel yourself with a headache, bone pain, fever and chills, you must see a doctor, because these are some of the yellow fever symptoms.

e) High self-esteem is a quiet, comfortable feeling of total acceptance and love for yourself.


15. Analyze the given sentences, considering the comment adverbs and what they indicate. Mark the correct answer according to the numerical indication, respecting the sentences sequence.

A - Unbelievably it can be deduced about the text 8 that it is possible to the human being’s life respecting the environment. The biodiesel is one of the examples.

B - Maradona was stupidly distracted with his pet.

C - Undoubtedly, the slings really aren’t safe for the babies.

D - Wisely, Stephanie Ovadia said that she is investigating the tragedies around the sling case.

1 - Point to a personal judgment of someone’s attitude.

2 - Point to a personal attitude or opinion about what is said.

3 - Point to a personal opinion of how likely something is.

The right sequence is:

a) 2 – 1 – 3 – 1.

b) 1 – 2 – 3 – 2.

c) 3 – 2 – 1 – 2

d) 2 – 2 – 1 – 3

e) 1 – 2 – 1 – 1


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Answer Questions english exercises 

  1. D
  2. C
  3. A
  4. E
  5. C
  6. C
  7. E

30 A

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